Parent-Child Relationship Repair Therapy
formerly reunification therapy
Parent-Child Relationship Repair (PCRR) is a service provided by mental health professionals to mend relationships between a parent and their child(ren). It was formerly called reunification therapy but has evolved to PCRR to help families adjust to divorce, separation, or custody changes. Sometimes this is needed during a divorce or separation process or even years after a divorce as parents have concern for estrangement, conflict, or alienation in the relationships.
- ABOUT PCRR -
What kinds of families do you see for PCRR?
I see children who have not had a relationship with a parent for an extended period of time or have a resistant relationship with one of their parents. Sometimes one or both parents are concerned about parental alienation or that behaviors by one parent are causing a problem in their relationship with their child. In therapy, we address these concerns and identify what is the healthiest for the children moving forward. I will refer families to other services if I feel their needs cannot be addressed with Parent-Child Relationship Repair.
Who is involved in the therapy process?
The children who transition between their parents' households and their parents. Parents set the structure to meet their children's needs and children absorb their conflict when it is present, therefore, both parents are involved in the process. The children meet with the therapist separately at first to build trust with the therapist. The therapist addresses the individual needs of the children, such as navigating a re-established relationship and being between two parents who do not have a cooperative relationship for various reasons. Please see the PCRR process below to learn more about the steps of this therapy.
Is PCRR successful?
PCRR is a challenging process for parents and children as there is often high conflict between parents or the children have resistance or feel hardships in relationships. Family members come into therapy with different perspectives, feelings, and concerns moving forward. PCRR can work for parents and children who are willing to engage in the process.
Does insurance cover this therapy?
Typically health insurance does not cover the cost as the target of the service is not treating a mental health diagnosis. Services are self-pay and agreed upon beforehand between the co-parents. Most parents will pay for their own individual sessions and split the sessions that involve the children and any other fees.
What is the goal or potential outcomes?
When children and their parents successfully progress through therapy, the end results in healthier relationships, reduced conflict, and meet the needs of the children. There is direction for the family moving forward on what the parent-child relationship will look like and less tension in relationships. However, families should be fully aware that therapy does not always end in a reunified relationship between the parent and child(ren). Progress is continually assessed by the provider and if progress seems unlikely for any reason, the provider may terminate services and refer for alternative services. With commitment to the process and family members attaining their goals, families can achieve healthier relationships.
What is the role of the therapist in PCRR?
The therapist takes a child-oriented approach and works to promote healthy relationships for the best interests of children and for parents to be their best selves. The therapist is continually assessing and pacing therapy to meet the needs of the child(ren). The therapist should not be confused for other professional roles such as Custody Evaluators, Parenting Consultants, or other mental health providers. Therefore your therapist will not make recommendations for parenting time, custody arragmenets, or similar legal matters as this is outside of their scope of practice. Your provider is only qualifed to make therapy recommendatons pertaining to the PCRR process.